India - Bulgaria Bilateral Relation India - Bulgaria Bilateral Relation

 India - Bulgaria Relations

Bilateral Political Relations

Relations between India and Bulgaria are longstanding, warm and friendly. The two countries, which happen to be ancient civilizations, are proud of their glorious cultural heritage. People to people contacts and cultural links between the two countries pre-date the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1954 and there are traces of contacts between the peoples of the two countries as early as the 8th Century AD.

Despite political changes witnessed by the two countries in the last six decades, India and Bulgaria, as two independent nation-States have developed a close, cordial and multi-dimensional relationship. The multi-faceted relationship has flourished based on continuity and mutual understanding and has progressively evolved into a binding friendship.

Bilateral high-level visits include that by President Ram Nath Kovind (2018), Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (2003), Vice President Krishan Kant (2000), President S. D. Sharma (1994), Vice President R. Venkataraman (1985), PM Indira Gandhi (1981), President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (1980), President V.V. Giri (1976), PM Indira Gandhi (1967) and Vice-President Dr. S. Radhakrishnan (1954); and From the Bulgarian side,  their Presidents - Mr. Petar Stoyanov in 1998 and Mr. Todor Zhivkov (1976 & 1983);  and Prime Ministers – Mr. Sergei Stanishev in 2007 and Mr. Stanko Todorov (1974, & 1980).
 
Honourable President of India H.E. Mr. Ram Nath Kovind, accompanied by his wife, Mrs. Savita Kovind, paid a State Visit to Bulgaria at the invitation of Bulgarian President Rumen Radev from 4-6 September 2018. This was the first high level visit from India to Bulgaria after 15 years. His delegation included Mr. Parshottam Rupala, Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare and Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Members of Parliament Mr. Sunil Kumar Singh and Mr. Ram Shakal, Secretary to President Mr. Sanjay Kothari,  Secretary (West) Mrs. Ruchi Ghanashyam, and other senior government officials.  5 MoUs/documents on cooperation in the field of investment, science & technology, civil nuclear energy, tourism and establishment of Hindi Chair at Sofia University  were signed during the visit.

Bulgarian Tourism Minister Nikolina Angelkova visited India during 23-24 November 2015. During the visit, she met Minister of State for Tourism, Culture and Civil Aviation and held talks on promotion of tourism between the two countries. Hon’ble Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Labour & Employment, Shri B. Dattatreya, led an  Indian delegation for the 5th  ASEM Labour & Employment Ministers’ Conference held in Sofia on 2nd December, 2015.  Bulgarian Deputy Minister of Economy Mr. Alexander Manolev visited India on  5 - 6 March 2018 for the 18th Session of Joint Commission Meeting held in New Delhi on 6 March 2018 and to participate in the 4th edition of “India-Europe 29 Business Forum” (IE29BF). During the visit, an MOU was signed between the Bulgarian and Indian Startup Associations during IE29BF on 5th March, 2018.  Honourable Minister of State for Textiles Shri Ajay Tamta visited Bulgaria on 8-11 May 2018.  During the visit, he met Minister of Economy of Bulgaria Mr. Emil Karanikolov, Board of the Indian Bulgarian Business Chamber and prominent members of the Indian community.  Apart from Sofia, he undertook site visits to Plovdiv, Sliven and Burgas, visiting farms (Namdhari Seeds, Plovdiv) and factories producing fiber, fabric and apparel (Mars Armor, Sofia; Manish Textiles, Plovdiv; & Edoardo Miroglio Textiles, Sliven). During his meeting with the Bulgarian Minister of economy both sides comprehensively reviewed the possibilities for strengthening bilateral trade and economic cooperation, exploring possibilities of  collaboration  in the field of textiles including joint production and sourcing of cotton, silk and raw materials from India.  

Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements

The two countries have signed agreements on Tourism; Avoidance of Double Taxation; Combating Organized Crime, International Terrorism and Illicit Trafficking in Narcotics and Psychotropic substances; Protocol on Foreign Office Consultations; Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement; Air Services Agreement; Defence Cooperation; Science and Technology; Extradition; Cooperation in Youth Affairs and Sports; Information Technologies; Economic Cooperation; Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters; Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters; Treaty on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons; Protocol for Amending the Agreement for the Promotion and Protection of Investment; Protocol of Intent on Labour Relations; Employment and Social Security; Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Development; abolition of visa requirement for holders of Diplomatic and Official Passports; Programme of Cooperation in the field of Science & Technology, Programme of Cooperation in the field of Health and Medicine and Programme for Cooperation in the Fields of Science, Education and Culture, Civil Nuclear Cooperation etc. Tourism, Investment, Establishment of Hindi Chair at Sofia University etc.

Bilateral Commercial and Economic Relations

Bilateral trade between the two countries is on the rise, but there is a lot of scope for expanding the current bilateral trade basket as well as for enhancing the quantum in the existing items of export and import.  There are great complementarities in IT, biotechnology, agriculture sector, food processing industry, hospitality and entertainment sectors.  The following table shows India’s trade with Bulgaria during the last five years:

  Year

India’s Exports to Bulgaria (in US$ millions)

India’ s Imports from Bulgaria (in US$ millions)

Total Bilateral Trade  (in US$ million)

2013-2014

168.10

93.65

261.75

2014-2015

266.45

103.66

370.11

2015-2016

145.53

93.72

239.26

2016-2017

239.53

182.22

421.75

2017-2018

173.24

141.94

315.18

April 2018-Sep 2019

125.67

72.29

197.96

(Source: Ministry of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi)

Major items of Indian Exports to Bulgaria are Organic chemicals; unmanufactured tobacco; medicaments; electric parts; wool; paving blocks, slabs, bricks; polymers of propylene; ferro-alloys.

Major items of Bulgarian Exports to India are Laboratory instruments & apparatus; animal feeding preparations; kraft paper; radio-broadcasting apparatus; aluminium waste & scrap; machinery for working rubber or plastics; copper waste & scrap; engines & motors.

Tourism

Tourism is an area, which holds prospects for both the countries. Bulgaria, with its beautiful mountains, the Black-Sea coast boasting of cities like Varna and Burgas, has become an attractive destination for Bollywood film Industry too. In July 2006, Member of Parliament and film actor Shri Vinod Khanna visited Bulgaria for shooting of his film ‘Godfather’.   Several big banner movies like “Bahubali”, “Dilwale” starring Shah Rukh Khan & Kajol and Ajay Devgan’s “Shivaay were extensive shot at various locations in Bulgaria. Recently Telugu Movie “Aganathavasi” and Bollywood film “Bhramastra” starring Amitabh Bachchan, Ranbeer Kapoor and Alia Bhatt, were shot at various locations in Bulgaria.  President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind requested Bulgarian President Mr. Rumen Radev during his State Visit to drop in on the sets of the movie.  Indian films have helped in popularizing Bulgaria as an interesting tourist destination among the Indian public.  

Cultural Relations and people to people contacts

While the interest of Bulgaria in India existed since many centuries, during the 19th  century, the Bulgarian revolutionary Georgi Rakovsky expressed support and sympathy for the people of India on the occasion of the India's First War of Independence in 1857.

Indian culture has enjoyed considerable popularity in Bulgaria right from the days of Rabindranath Tagore’s visit to Bulgaria in 1926 which was an important milestone in developing literary relationship between the two countries. Indian classics like Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vedas, Upanishadas, Bhagvat Gita and Panchatantra as also the modern authors like Prem Chand, Mulk Raj Anand and Amrita Pritam are very popular among Bulgarians. Some of the eminent Bulgarian poets like Hristo Botev, Hristo Smyrensky and Nikola Vaptsarov have also been widely translated to Indian languages.

Indian culture enjoys considerable popularity in Bulgaria. In modern times, right from the days when Rabindranath Tagore was awarded Nobel Prize in 1913 and his visit to Bulgaria in 1926, Indian culture has been well received which is evident by the popularity of not only the Indian classics like Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagvat Gita and Panchatantra but also such well-known modern Indian authors like Prem Chand, Mulk Raj Anand and Amrita Pritam. Some of the eminent Bulgarian poets like Hristo Botev, Hristo Smyrensky and Nikola Vaptsarov have also been widely translated in to Indian languages. So far, we have signed 17 Cultural Exchange Programmes and the last one was signed in New Delhi in March 2018 for the period 2018-20.  

There are a sizeable numbers of Bulgarians who are extremely close and friendly towards India. There are several institutions / organizations connected with India which are involved in promoting Indian culture, music and dance, Ayurveda, Yoga etc. There is an Indology Department in Sofia University. Two schools  are named after the former PM Indira Gandhi, a secondary school in Lyulin District of Sofia and a  Kindergarten in Pravets. There is an Indira Gandhi Street, a Jawaharlal Nehru Boulevard and an Indira Gandhi monument in Lyulin Municipality of Sofia. Indira Gandhi Secondary School, Lyulin also houses a bust of former PM Indira Gandhi.  President Ram Nath Kovind and President Radev unveiled a statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Sofia's South Park on 6 September 2018 during the visit of Indian President to Bulgaria. The statue was conceived and created by the eminent Bulgarian sculptor Ivan Rusev.

As a part of the Centre for Eastern Languages and Cultures, Sofia University has an Indology Department, which, since 1983, has been conducting courses at graduation and post-graduation levels.  One of the lecture halls in the Indology department is named Rabindranath Tagore Hall. There is a visiting chair for a Professor of Hindi from India at the Indology Department of Sofia University and similarly in the Delhi / Jamia Milia Islamia Universities for a Professor of Bulgarian language. Students from Indology Department of Sofia University are also sent to Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, Agra to learn Hindi language every year on a one year scholarship given by the Government of India.

There are several friendship societies involved in spread and propagation of Indian culture through organization of cultural activities with support from the Indian Embassy. Friends of India Club was founded in 1991 and has members from all fields of life: writers, scholars, diplomats, artists, journalists, and musicians. The Club with the help of Embassy brings out "Svetilnik" magazine annually which covers different aspects of Indian culture and society and organises cultural activities regularly. The special 20th edition of Svetilnik was presented to President Shri Ram Nath Kovind during his State visit to Bulgaria in September 2018.

The East-West Indological Foundation was established in 1997. The main objective of the Foundation is to promote the implementation of Indology in diverse ways and at different levels, supporting cultural troupes from India and organizing cultural shows in Bulgaria. Namaste Bulgaria, Devam Foundation,  Association India, Bulgaria are also involved in promoting Indian culture by organizing Indian film festivals, cultural shows and supporting India related events from time to time.  A number of cultural/educational events are organized by the Embassy in cooperation with these friendship societies/cultural organisations. 

Mission actively organizes a number of high profile cultural events. Important events organized during recent times were Nada Yoga/Dhrupad performance by Padamshree Gundecha Brothers in Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna from 19-24 June 2018; Dr. Ragini Makkhar & Naadyog Group – Indore, India won the World Cup of Folklore held in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria as part of the XXII Stara Planina Fest “Balkan Folk 2018” from 10 – 20 May 2018; screening of Bollywood film ‘Mary Kom’ in the MENAR Film Festival held in Sofia in January 2018; photo exhibition ‘Apna Apna Bharat’, organized at Sofia University on 25 September 2017 by the alumni of the Indology Department of Sofia University; performance by an 11-member ICCR sponsored Ras Garba troupe from Gujarat in Sofia, Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas from 15 – 25 August 2017; a national conference titled “India in Bulgarian Scholarships’ held at Bulgarian Academy of Social Sciences on 15-16 June 2017 in collaboration with Friends of India Club; a sitar recital by Ustad Irshad Khan (nephew of Ustad Vilayat Khan) in Sofia on 31 March 2017;  and a Bharatnatyam dance performance by Ms. Anjana Rajan in June, 2016.  All the events were very well attended and were widely covered in the local print and electronic media.

Indian Embassy annually organizes ITEC Day reception with the participation of ITEC alumni from Bulgaria and Macedonia.  At this event, participants of PCFD courses of FSI and scholars, who have attended Hindi course at Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, Agra are also invited.  The last ITEC Day event was held at Embassy Residence on 4th October 2018.  To promote and propagate Hindi language, Vishwa Hindi Diwas is celebrated annually at Sofia in cooperation with local cultural organizations and the Indology Department of Sofia University.  A well-attended cultural event to mark Vishwa Hindi Diwas was organised in Sofia on 16 March, 2018.    

The Embassy organized events to mark the first International Day of Yoga on 21 June 2015 in 9 Bulgarian cities - Sofia, Plovdiv, Svilengrad, Burgas, Varna, Ruse, Veliko Turnovo, Gabrovo and Pernik, in cooperation with important Yoga centers and various Indophile organizations of Bulgaria.  The Second International Yoga Day was celebrated in Bulgaria on 21 June, 2016.  The third International Yoga Day was organized in Bulgaria on 24 June 2017  across 27 cities in Bulgaria. The Fourth International Day of Yoga  was celebrated with great fanfare across 33 cities and 3 communes in Bulgaria on 24 June 2018. The Hon'ble Vice President of Bulgaria, Her Excellency Madame Iliana Lotova graced the International Yoga Day celebrations in Sofia as Chief Guest. All these events were attended by more than 10,000 persons and  were extensively covered in print and electronic media.  

Indian Community

The Indian community is very small numbering around 250 permanent residents who are engaged in small business or work in companies. In addition, there are around 400 other Indians, mostly students studying medicine in the Medical Universities of Sofia, Plevin, Plovdiv and Stara Zagora, as well as representatives of IT companies, who come on temporary deputation for developing software for banks and multinational companies, who leave the country when their study courses or job assignments are over.

Air - Links with India

There are no direct air-links between India and Bulgaria. Indirect connections are through Vienna, Frankfurt, London, Moscow, Istanbul and Doha.

Useful Resources:
Embassy of India Sofia Website:
http://www.indembsofia.org  
Embassy of India Sofia FaceBook Page:
https://www.facebook.com/IndiaInBulgaria  
Embassy of India Sofia Twitter Page:
https://twitter.com/IndiaInBulgaria

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December 2018